Foundations of Information Science

UNC School of Information and Library Science, INLS 201, Fall 2014

August 19
Introduction: What is Information Science?

August 21
History of Information Science

Read pages 2570-2577 of the “Information Science” article for today.

To read before this class:

  1. Saracevic, T. “Information Science.” Edited by M. J Bates. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. New York: CRC Press, 2010. PDF.

August 26
History of Information Science

Guest lecturer: John Martin

Read pages 2577-2585 of the “Information Science” article for today.

To read before this class:

  1. Saracevic, T. “Information Science.” Edited by M. J Bates. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. New York: CRC Press, 2010. PDF.

August 28
What Is Information?

Guest lecturer: John Martin

To read before this class:

  1. Lester, J., and W. C. Koehler. “Fundamental Concepts of Information.” In Fundamentals of Information Studies, 16–25. 2nd ed. New York: Neal-Schuman, 2007. PDF.
  2. Marchionini, Gary. “The Many Meanings of Information.” In Information Concepts: From Books to Cyberspace Identities, 1–9. Synthesis Lectures on Information Concepts, Retrieval, and Services. Morgan & Claypool, 2010. http://www.morganclaypool.com/doi/abs/10.2200/S00306ED1V01Y201010ICR016.

September 2
Information Organization

To read before this class:

  1. Glushko, Robert J. “1. Foundations for Organizing Systems.” In The Discipline of Organizing, edited by Robert J. Glushko, 3rd ed. O’Reilly, 2015.
    Reading tips

    Introduction to the concept of an organizing system and the five facets along which one can analyze organizing systems.

September 4
Information Organization

To read before this class:

  1. Glushko, Robert J., Rachelle Annechino, Jess Hemerly, and Longhao Wang. “6. Categorization: Describing Resource Classes and Types.” In The Discipline of Organizing, edited by Robert J. Glushko, 3rd ed. O’Reilly, 2015.
    Reading tips

    What categories are, how they are used in information management, and how changes in the understanding of human cognitive processes have altered theories of categorization over the years.

September 9
Information Organization

To read before this class:

  1. Glushko, Robert J., Jess Hemerly, Vivien Petras, Michael Manoochehri, Longhao Wang, Jordan Shedlock, and Daniel Griffin. “7. Classification: Assigning Resources to Categories.” In The Discipline of Organizing, 3rd ed. O’Reilly, 2015.
    Reading tips

    The terms “classification” and “categorization””are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same. Having a set of categories is not sufficient to create a classification. A classification must be principled so that we know where to place new items and entities in accordance with our system.

September 11
Information Structures

Probe #1: Categorization and Vocabulary Control due

To read before this class:

  1. Morville, Peter, and Louis Rosenfeld. “Thesauri, Controlled Vocabularies, and Metadata.” In Information Architecture for the World Wide Web. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly, 2006. PDF.

September 16
Information Structures: XML

To read before this class:

  1. Glushko, Robert J. “XML Foundations.” In Document Engineering, 42-72. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2005. http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~glushko/DocumentEngineeringBookDraft/DEBook/ch2_FINAL.pdf.

September 18
Information Structures: Relational Databases

Probe #2: XML and Relational Databases due

To read before this class:

  1. Roman, Steven. “Introduction.” In Access Database Design and Programming, 3–10. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly, 2002. PDF.
  2. Roman, Steven. “The Entity-Relationship Model of a Database.” In Access Database Design and Programming, 11–17. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly, 2002. PDF.

September 23
Information Structures: Relational Databases

To read before this class:

  1. Roman, Steven. “Implementing Entity-Relationship Models.” In Access Database Design and Programming, 18–29. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly, 2002. PDF.

September 25
Search & Retrieval

To read before this class:

  1. Croft, W. Bruce, Donald Metzler, and Trevor Strohman. “Search Engines and Information Retrieval.” In Search Engines: Information Retrieval in Practice, 1–12. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2010. PDF.

September 30
Midterm Exam #1

Midterm #1 due

To read before this class:

  1. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “For Students Taking Tests.” In Sakai: Tests & Quizzes, 2011. PDF.

October 2
Search & Retrieval

To read before this class:

  1. Croft, W. Bruce, Donald Metzler, and Trevor Strohman. “Architecture of a Search Engine.” In Search Engines: Information Retrieval in Practice, 13–29. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2010. PDF.

October 7
Search & Retrieval: Indexing

To read before this class:

  1. Smucker, Mark D. “Information representation.” In Interactive information seeking, behaviour and retrieval, edited by Ian Ruthven and Diane Kelly, 77–93. London: Facet Pub., 2011. PDF.

October 9
Search & Retrieval: Retrieval Models

To read before this class:

  1. Croft, W. Bruce, Donald Metzler, and Trevor Strohman. “Retrieval Models.” In Search Engines: Information Retrieval in Practice, 233–241. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2010. PDF.

October 14
Search & Retrieval: Networks

To read before this class:

  1. Easley, David, and Jon Kleinberg. “Overview.” In Networks, crowds, and markets: reasoning about a highly connected world, 1–20. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/networks-book/networks-book-ch01.pdf.
  2. Easley, David, and Jon Kleinberg. “Graphs.” In Networks, crowds, and markets: reasoning about a highly connected world, 23–46. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/networks-book/networks-book-ch02.pdf.

October 16
Fall break

No class.

October 21
The Structure of the Web

To read before this class:

  1. Easley, David, and Jon Kleinberg. “The Structure of the Web.” In Networks, crowds, and markets: reasoning about a highly connected world, 375–395. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/networks-book/networks-book-ch13.pdf.

October 23
Web Search

To read before this class:

  1. Easley, David, and Jon Kleinberg. “Link Analysis and Web Search.” In Networks, crowds, and markets: reasoning about a highly connected world, 397–495. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/networks-book/networks-book-ch14.pdf.
    Reading tips

    You can skip section the last part of section 14.3 (pages 409–412) and section 14.6.

October 28
Midterm Review

Please try to work through the practice problems over the weekend and come prepared with questions, either about the practice problems or any of the material we’ve covered during this unit.

October 30
Midterm Exam #2

November 4
Ryan at ASIS&T Annual Meeting

No class.

November 6
Information Needs & Behaviors

To read before this class:

  1. Morville, Peter, and Louis Rosenfeld. “User Needs and Behaviors.” In Information Architecture for the World Wide Web. 3rd ed. Sebastopol, California: O’Reilly, 2006. PDF.

November 11
Information Needs & Behaviors

Read sections 3.1 to 3.4 for today.

To read before this class:

  1. Hearst, Marti. “Models of the Information Seeking Process.” In Search User Interfaces. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009. http://searchuserinterfaces.com/book/sui_ch3_models_of_information_seeking.html.

November 13
Information Needs & Behaviors

Probe #3: Categorizing search goals and web tasks due

Read sections 3.5 to 3.8 for today.

To read before this class:

  1. Hearst, Marti. “Models of the Information Seeking Process.” In Search User Interfaces. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009. http://searchuserinterfaces.com/book/sui_ch3_models_of_information_seeking.html.

November 18
Human-Computer Interaction

To read before this class:

  1. Shneiderman, B., and C. Plaisant. “Usability of Interactive Systems.” In Designing the user interface: strategies for effective human-computer interaction. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Addison-Wesley, 2010. PDF.

November 20
Search User Interfaces

To read before this class:

  1. Hearst, Marti. “The Design of Search User Interfaces.” In Search user interfaces. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. http://searchuserinterfaces.com/book/sui_ch1_design.html.

November 25
Information Policy

To read before this class:

  1. Grimmelmann, James. “What to Do About Google?” Communications of the ACM 56, no. 9 (2013). http://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2013/9/167145-what-to-do-about-google/.

November 27
Thanksgiving

No class.

December 2
Catch-up / Wrap-Up / Review / The Future

To read before this class:

  1. Friedman, Batya, and Helen Nissenbaum. “Bias in Computer Systems.” ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. 14, no. 3 (July 1996): 330–347. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/230538.230561.

December 9
Final exam

The final exam is scheduled for 12 noon.